Mawlamyaine is the biggest city in southern Myanmar. It was the first Burma colonial capital after the second Anglo-Burmese War. Many colonial buildings remain in town along with modern skyscrapers.
Ruyard Kipling wrote describing the town as Old Moulmein in his poem Road to Mandalay. He may have seen the old pagoda on the river bank where the city Moulmein, as it was then called, rests at the delta of the Thanlwin, the second longest river in Myanmar. Boat cruising from Mawlamyine to Pha-an, the capital city of Karen State, is the best river tour in Myanmar.
Besides the colonial influence, Mawlamyine uuhas ancient monasteries. Among them is Sein Tone Queen Monastery donated by one of the queens of the founder of Mandalay Palace.